Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study


Conflict, Institutions, and Economic Behavior:
Legacies of the Cambodian Genocide


This paper examines how the Cambodian genocide under the Pol Pot regime (1975—1979) altered people’s post-conflict behaviors through institutional changes Combining spatial genocide data and the 1998 Census microdata, we compare the impacts of the genocide on subsequent investments in children’s education between couples who owned by the state as collective property, there couples had quite distinct institutional experiences: The for former were controlled as family organizations and the latter were not. We find that the genocide adversely influenced children’s education among the former couples, but not the latter ones. We discuss plausible mechanisms underlying these patterns, shedding new light on why institutions which emerged during the conflict persistently shaped people’s post-conflict behaviors.

Report No.: HIAS-E-39
Author(s): Katsuo Kogure(a)
Yoshito Takahashi(b)
Affiliation: (a) Osaka University
(b) University of Tokyo
Issued Date: Deember 2016
Keywords: conflict, genocide, institutions, education, Cambodia
JEL: N35, O15, O17, Z13